Archiv für April 2010

Der Aufbruch der Massen – The Awakening of the Popular Masses IV

Das Handeln der Mitglieder der kommunistischen Partei und die Politik des Zentralkomitees
The action of the CPG members and the policy of the central committee
[Fortsetzung des zweiten Kapitels Seite 38 – 42 der englischen Ausgabe]

Indisputably the CPG organised in its ranks in that era cadres who were the most combative, the most devoted and the best pick of the working class. Everywhere, in all the fights it experienced, they were in the front line. Members of the party had been arrested at Volos, Athens, Piraeus, Thessaloniki and elsewhere. In the army, its conscripted members – most of its members found themselves under the flags – had developed a very serious and responsible antimilitarist and antiwar movement. There existed a Communist cell in almost all the frontline units. These cells were connected with each other and their activity was coordinated by a central committee whose authority they all recognised. Propaganda material (leaflets, newspapers, pamphlets) circulated everywhere and was sent to the front from bases created in Thessaloniki and Dedeagach(14)). The railway worker strikers who had been mobilised and sent to the front served on the railways there. They were in charge of communications and the transport of material. Pantelis Pouliop- oulos was the brain and the spirit of this Communist organisation in the army. Everything happened without the knowledge of the Central Committee and against its will. The party in no way had a stable line and concrete objectives. Its confused and opportunistic politics undoubtedly presented pro-peace and “pro-worker” aspects but never went beyond that stage. Here and there articles burst out under sensational titles “The Brothel State”, “We answer by the word of Cambronne”, but we always waited for a revolutionary policy which would rise to the level of the critical issues of the war. (mehr…)

Der Aufbruch der Massen – The Awakening of the Popular Masses III

Die Massen antworten mit Streiks und kämpferischen Demonstrationen

[Fortsetzung des zweiten Kapitels Seite 35 – 38 der englischen Ausgabe]
The masses reply with strikes and combative demonstrations

The illusions began to crumble, and with them the fanaticism born from the opposition between royalists and Venizelists, which had confused everything and so held back the class struggle, faded. The masses began to recognise their flag and to gather around it. The surprise, the bitter- ness born from the deceit and betrayal of the United Opposition turned to anger, to a resolve to struggle.

The year 1921 is rich in struggles which clearly display their class character. On 10 February the sailors went on strike. The ships moored in the ports only left when the demands of the strikers had been satisfied. At that time the sailors formed one of the most combative and best organised battalions of the working class. The headquarters of their federation could be found in Piraeus, in a building visible from a long distance by the crews of the ships entering the port. It was agreed that a flag should be raised there in the event of a call to strike. Many sailors abandoned their ships and threw themselves into the sea before even dropping the anchor, just on seeing it. And for the whole duration of the strike, they remained in the area ready to intervene if the ship owners tried to use scabs.
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Der Aufbruch der Massen – The Awakening of the Popular Masses II

[Fortsetzung des zweiten Kapitels Seite 33 – 35 der englischen Ausgabe]

The war in Asia Minor, the Kemalist movement and the position of the CPG

The last great deed of the “glorious” epoch of Venizelism was the transportation of the army, and the war, to Asia Minor. The Greek troops set out for Izmir in May 1919. So began the most tragic adventure of the country and its people, and the most costly.
In the beginning the war was limited to clashes with irregular formations of partisans. But Kemal, from the far end of Anatolia, denounced the capitulation of the sultan, galvanised and enthused the Turkish people and called for resistance against the invaders by every means. Very quickly groups of partisans formed themselves into a powerful well-equipped regular army. The ineluct- able character of the defeat and collapse of the Greek army took on the appearance of a physical law. (mehr…)

Der Aufbruch der Massen – The Awakening of the Popular Masses

aus dem zweiten Kapitel Seite 27 – 33 der englischen Auszüge
The first revolutionary impetus
In March 1917, thirty two months after the declaration of war, the most prodigious revolution of our century broke out in Petrograd, and then spread like lightening across the immense country. Like all true great popular uprisings, no party, no individual, nobody had decided it, provoked it, proclaimed it or led it. Completely spontaneous, it was the fruit of the maturation of history and caught all the “chiefs”, of every political nuance, completely unawares. (mehr…)

By Way of a Preface

By Way of a Preface
Memoirs cannot replace history. The history of the workers’ movement in Greece and the struggles of the working class up until today, still hasn’t been written by anybody. Kordatos, in his History of the Workers’ Movement, gives a good glimpse of Greece before the First World War. All those who are interested in the workers’ movement must read his book. But it stops in 1918, the epoch of the founding of the Communist Party and of the General Confederation of Workers. The histories which the Greek CP produces from time to time, to celebrate itself and to exhibit its titles of ownership over the working class, made up of falsification and counterfeiting, are only fables and calumnies. (mehr…)

Castoriadis über Stinas

„Ich stellte schnell fest, dass die kommunistische Partei über nichts Revolutionäres verfügte und dass es sich lediglich um eine chauvinistische und völlig bürokratische Partei handelte (heutzutage würden wir es eine „totalitäre Mikrogesellschaft“ nennen). Nach einem Reformversuch zusammen mit anderen Genossen, einem Versuch, der, wie erwartet, schnell scheiterte, trat ich zurück und trat der linkeren trotzkistischen Partei bei, die von einem unvergesslichen Revolutionär geführt wurde, nämlich Spiros Stinas.“ (mehr…)

Agis Stinas – Memoire [lest Projekt]

Die nationale Einheit ist nichts anderes als die Unterwerfung der Arbeiter unter ihre Ausbeuter

Das Massaker an den internationalistischen Kommunisten in Griechenland – Dezember 1944

During the First World War, the executioners who governed the people put specially trained police units and professional killers in charge of the massacre of the internationalists. During the Second World War, the Stalinists took this responsibility upon themselves.

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Agis Stinas – Memoires [lest Projekt]

Eine kurze autobiografische Anmerkung

Im Alter von vierzehn oder fünfzehn wurde ich als sehr junger Mann von sozialistischen Ideen beeinflusst, mit achtzehn widmete ich mich der Bewegung zur Befreiung der Arbeiterklasse … (mehr…)

Agis Stinas – Memoires [Vorwort]

Vorwort von Olivier Houdart, Übersetzer/Herausgeber der französischen Ausgabe

Forward
Agis Stinas came from the generation of the early communist leaders who went over to the opposition when it seemed to them that the Communist International had turned its back on the world revolution. He was born with the twentieth century, in Spartilla, a village on the Isle of Corfu, in a well-off family (his father was a dealer in olive oil). His real name was Spyros Priftis.
His memoirs, written in 1976, in the evening of a life of struggle, essentially cover the events of the years 1912-1950 in a Greece marked by war: from the Balkan wars, which announced the war of 1914-18, to the civil war, a Greek prolongation of the 1939-45 war.
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