Der Angriff auf die Sowjetunion

Folgendes Kapitel behandelt die erneuerte ideologische Wendung der offiziellen „Kommunisten“ (der stalinistischen Partei). Aus imperialistischen Ländern wurden „friedensliebende Demokratien“ und aus dem ehemaligen Verbündeten Hitler wurde der „Feind der Menschheit“. Der „große Führer“ auf der anderen Seite des imperialistischen Gezerres Stalin liquidierte endgültig die tote Hülle der ehemalig revolutionären kommunistischen Internationale und die griechischen Stalinisten applaudierten.

The attack against the USSR

In June 1941, without any warning, Hitler abruptly unleashed his troops against the USSR. The Stalinists were struck dumb. Their hopes and dreams had flown away. In the communications of the first few days the German high command didn’t give any concrete information. Not only did this lead to the most fantastic rumours being spread by word of mouth, but also the Stalinists circulated an information bulletin “from reliable sources” about the victories of the Russian army or the bombing of Berlin by hundreds of Russian planes. When the truth became known about the lightning advance of the Germans towards Moscow, the Caucasus, Leningrad, the millions of Russian prisoners, etc., the Stalinists remained paralysed. But they didn’t waste any time in persuading themselves once again that all this could only be part of a brilliant plan by Stalin.

It goes without saying that the USSR and the Stalinist parties of the whole world then put a new record on. Hitler became the enemy of humanity. He aimed, by fire and iron, at the submission, the reduction to slavery, the annihilation of nations and peoples. Britain and France, from being imperialist states, were transformed into peace-loving democracies. From now on they defended civilisation, democracy and so on. Stalin dissolved the Communist International and Ioannidis, in Akronafplia, declared that this event was the “most important for the workers’ movement since the Communist Manifesto” (those who collect the comments of great men mustn’t forget this one).

The aggression of Hitler against the USSR was a painful surprise for the Stalinists of Akhronaflia. They incontestably believed that the alliance was solid and long-lasting, and perhaps even that the two partners in the Pact would dominate the world together. (…)

What was important for Hitler when he signed the pact was to protect his rear, in the East, so as to be able to launch his armies without danger against the West. Stalin gave a guarantee of his security and it is perhaps the first time in his life that he remained true to his word. (…)

Stalin guaranteed the security of the Eastern frontiers of Hitler, but he also supplied the aid necessary to his murderous work. Moreover he put the Communist parties at his disposal. An assistance surely unbelievable and unhoped for by Hitler.

The policy of the CPs at that time was to facilitate the work of Hitler, who they considered to be a faithful ally of Stalin. In France, the CP achieved this with its “why”. In every country they tried to do the same thing. In Greece as well this is what the CPG set out to do. Its manifesto of 2 May 1940 testifies to this. It declared very clearly that for its own safety, to preserve peace and its prosperity, the country must act like Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. But these two states, at that particular time, were allied to Hitler.

Another tragic event revealed the lying character of this fifth column policy (…). In Yugoslavia on 27 March 1941, the army and the people overthrew the regent and denounced the pact with Hitler (16). The new government actually demanded aid and intervention from Russia. By way of aid Russia refuelled Goering’s aircraft so that they could reduce Belgrade to ashes.

(16)

Yugoslavia, already in Hitler’s sphere of influence, only formally adhered to the Tripartite Pact (signed on 27 September 1940 by Germany, Italy and Japan) on 25 March 1941, which led to the overthrow of regent Paul and the government two days later.