Marximus und Nation

Die Zusammenstöße zwischen stalinistischen Schlägern und aktivistischen anarchistischen Randalierern und Bullen (über die Beteiligung von Provokateuren kann nur spekuliert werden) am 20.10.2011 in Athen hat für einige Tage zu erhöhten Zugriffszahlen auf den Stinas-Blog geführt. Dies zeigt, das Interesse an dieser Strömung und unterstreicht die Notwendigkeit, sich mit der Geschichte auseinanderzusetzen. Nun kommt endlich ein zentraler Text, der bereits an anderer Stelle auf dem Blog mit einer Einleitung der ICC veröffentlicht wurde:

Marxism and the Nation

The nation is a product of history, like the tribe, the family, the city. It has a necessary historic role and must disappear when that is fulfilled.

The class bearing that social organisation is the bourgeoisie. The national state coincides with the state of the bourgeoisie, and historically, the progressive work of the nation and of capitalism joined together to create, with the development of the productive forces, the material conditions for socialism.

That progressive work came to an end with the epoch of imperialism, of the great imperialist powers, with their antagonisms and their wars.

The nation has fulfilled its historic mission. Henceforth wars of national liberation and bourgeois-democratic revolutions make no sense.

Proletarian revolution is now the order of the day. It doesn’t create or maintain nations and borders but abolishes them and unites all the peoples of the earth in a global community.

The defence of the nation and the fatherland are in our era nothing other than the defence of imperialism, of the social system which provokes wars, which cannot live without war and which leads humanity to chaos and barbarism. This is as true for the big imperialist powers as it is for the little nations, whose ruling classes can only be accomplices and associates of the great powers.

“At this time socialism is the only hope for humanity. Above the ramparts of the capitalist world which is finally crumbling, shining in letters of fire are the words of the Communist Manifesto : socialism or the fall into barbarism.”
(R Luxemburg, 1918)

Socialism is a matter for the workers of the whole world, and the terrain of its creation extends across the globe. The struggle for the overthrow of capitalism and for the setting up of socialism unites all the workers of the world. Geography fixes a division of labour: the immediate enemy of the workers in each country is their own ruling class. It is their sector of the international front of struggle of the workers to overthrow world capitalism.

If the toiling masses of each country are not conscious that they form just one section of a global class, they will never be able to set out on the road of their social emancipation.

It is not sentimentalism which makes the struggle for socialism in a given country an integral part of the struggle for a world socialist society, but the impossibility of socialism in one country. The only “socialism” in national colours and national ideology that history has given us is that of Hitler, and the only national “communism” that of Stalin.

The struggle inside the country against the ruling class and solidarity with the toiling masses of the whole world, such are the two fundamental principles of the movement of the popular masses for their economic, political and social liberation in our time. It’s the same for “peace” as for war.

War between peoples is fratricide. The only just war is that waged by peoples who fraternise across nations and borders against their exploiters.

The task of revolutionaries, in times of “peace” as in times of war, is to help the masses to become conscious of the ends and means of their movement, to rid themselves of the domination of the political and union bureaucracies, to take their own affairs into their own hands, to have no confidence in any other “leadership” than that of the executive organs which they have elected themselves and which they can revoke at any moment, to acquire consciousness of their own political responsibility and first and foremost to emancipate themselves intellectually from the national and patriotic mythology.

These are the principles of revolutionary marxism as Rosa Luxemburg formulated them and applied them practically and which guided her politics and her action during the First World War. Those principles guided our politics and our action in the Second World War.

We are going to measure and appreciate the politics and action of the EAM under the Occupation with the help of some definitions and landmarks.